As the year draws to a close, Celtic scholarship has sadly lost one of its best-known figures. Rachel Bromwich, whose studies of medieval Welsh literature frequently provide useful insights into early Scottish history, passed away last week at the age of 95. Her magisterial Trioedd Ynys Prydein has long been an essential resource, its comprehensive Notes section serving as a unique biographical index to Old Welsh poetry. Many famous kings of the North Britons are listed there: Urien of Rheged, Rhydderch Hael of Alt Clut, Gwenddoleu of Arfderydd, to name only three. Heroes from the Gododdin verses are also mentioned, together with various obscure characters drawn from what Nora Chadwick called ‘the lost literature of Celtic Scotland’.